Public Health Resources
Literature Search Strategies
Typical question formats to address topics in epidemiology look like:
How does ___________ relate to ____________?
Think about your core concepts (exposure/outcome). Keep search terms simple, and pay attention to keywords and other terms you see referenced in relevant articles. You can use those terms if you need to revise your search.
|Patient Problem (or Population)||What are the patient's demographics such as age, gender and ethnicity, socioeconomic status or other demographic variables.? Or what is the problem type?||Pregnant Women of Color|
|Intervention/Exposure||What type of intervention is being considered? A medication, exercise, or education, rest? or what is the exposure being considered?||Prenatal Care|
|Comparison or Control||Is there a comparison treatment to be considered? The comparison may be with another medication, another form of treatment such as exercise, or no treatment at all.||No prenatal care|
|Outcome||What would be the desired effect you would like to see? What effects are not wanted? Are there any side effects involved with this form of testing or treatment?||Reduced maternal Mortality|
Writing Your Question
|Patient Problem or Population||Intervention/Exposure||Comparison/Control||Outcome|
|Children with Obestiy||Community Recreation Activities||compared to educational programs on lifestyle changes||reduce risk of Diabetes Mellitus|
|Do Adults||Who Binge Drink||none (or compared with those who don't)||Have a higher risk for mortality|
|Climate Change||Mosquito-borne disease spread|
Clinical Search Building Worksheets
Use the worksheets linked above to build and document your search. You are able to download, fill the form, and save the document.
For more on formulating your research question, and for using frameworks other than PICO, see our Formulating Your Research Question.
For more on how to identify search terms, see our page on Choosing Search Terms.
For more on combining search terms and concepts, see our page on Combining Search Concepts.
- Last Updated: Sep 6, 2022 5:26 PM
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